Even though alcohol consumption is legal for individuals in Dallas, Houston or anywhere in Texas who are 21 or over, it should be remembered that alcohol is still a harmful, dangerous drug. Sure, it seems like “everyone" drinks, and sometimes it even seems like everyone drinks a lot. But that’s not really the truth. There are a lot of people who don’t drink at all, and the vast majority of adults don’t drink at all heavily.What Defines Binge Drinking?When it comes to heavy drinking, the phrase “binge drinking” comes to mind. It used to mean heavy drinking that lasted for days. Now, the meaning has changed to irresponsible, heavy drinking that often comes under the disguise of fun and games. Binge drinking is not only dangerous to the drinker, but to the people around him or her.Binge drinkers, by definition:* Drink "to get drunk." The goal is to lose control.* They drink large quantities, five or more drinks at a time.* They drink quickly.* They do foolish, potentially deadly things like drive drunk, start fights, and take unnecessary risks.New Study on an Old Problem.According to a recent study issued by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University in New York, about half of U.S. college students binge drink or abuse drugs, and the number who abuse prescription medication such as painkillers is up sharply.The report found that 49 percent of full-time college students ages 18 to 22 binge drink (consuming five or more drinks at a time), or abuse prescription drugs such as painkillers or illegal drugs like cocaine and marijuana. That translates to 3.8 million students.In 2005, 23 percent of these students met the medical criteria for substance abuse or dependence, the report said. That's about triple the proportion in the general population.The percentage of students who drink remained about even with a similar 1993 report — 70 percent then and 68 percent in 2005. Binge drinking stayed at 40 percent of students.But the proportion of students who binge drink frequently, defined as three or more times over two weeks, rose by 16 percent from 1993 to 2005. Drinking 10 or more times per month rose 25 percent, and drinking three or more times per month rose 26 percent.Substance abuse has contributed to alcohol-related deaths and injuries, and sexual assaults against female students, the report said.
"College presidents, deans and trustees have facilitated a college culture of alcohol and drug abuse that is linked to poor student academic performance, depression, anxiety, suicide, property damage, vandalism, fights and a host of medical problems," the report said.The report was based on results of a nationally representative telephone survey of 2,000 students, surveys of approximately 400 college and university administrators, interviews with researchers in the field and other data.Binge Drinkers can be Troublemakers.Researchers at Kansas State University have also found that college students who drink alcohol may get themselves into trouble not necessarily because of how much they drink, but because of their risk-taking attitudes while they are drinking, which can be modified to reduce harmful consequences. Males tend to be greater risk takers when it comes to alcohol, while women tend to use more protective strategies. They recommend the following steps to all college students who drink as a way to avoid dangerous drinking episodes:* Limit the number of drinks consumed* Use self-protective strategies* Limit money spent on alcohol* Drink with friends* Pour your own drinks* Develop low-risk attitudesWhile the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University report has shown that substance abuse on college campuses is nothing new, it is taking a more extreme and dangerous form, with higher rates of frequent binge drinking and prescription drug abuse, which equates to more negative consequences for students such as arrests and risky sexual behavior.The Risks of Binge Drinking.Many people don't think about the negative side of drinking. Although they think about the possibility of getting drunk, they may not give much consideration to being hung-over or throwing up.You may know from experience that excessive drinking can lead to difficulty concentrating, memory lapses, mood changes, and other problems that affect your day-to-day life. But binge drinking carries more serious and longer-lasting risks as well.Alcohol Poisoning.Alcohol poisoning is the most life-threatening consequence of binge drinking. When someone drinks too much and gets alcohol poisoning, it affects the body's involuntary reflexes — including breathing and the gag reflex. If the gag reflex isn't working properly, a person can choke to death on his or her vomit.Other signs someone may have alcohol poisoning include:* Extreme confusion* Inability to be awakened* Vomiting* Seizures* Slow or irregular breathing* Low body temperature* Bluish or pale skinIf you think someone has alcohol poisoning, call 911 immediately.Other Health Issues.Studies show that people who binge-drink throughout high school are more likely to be overweight and have high blood pressure by the time they are 24. Just one regular beer contains about 150 calories, which adds up to a lot of calories if someone drinks four or five beers a night.Binge drinkers have a harder time in school and they're more likely to drop out. Drinking disrupts sleep patterns, which can make it harder to stay awake and concentrate during the day. This can lead to struggles with studying and poor academic performance.Drinking Responsibly.It’s possible to be a responsible drinker, but it means paying close attention to your drinking behavior. Adults who do drink responsibly have a few key things in common:* They don’t drive after drinking.* They don’t drink "to get drunk." They may like the taste of the drink, or may be seeking a mild relaxing effect. They stop drinking before they feel "drunk."* They drink less – usually far less – than four drinks on any one occasion.* They drink slowly, often with food, and have non-alcoholic drinks in between alcoholic drinks.Believe it or not, your drinking habits can influence your individual health insurance rates, now and into the future. So it’s wise to keep your alcohol intake in check when you’re young before it takes its toll in later years. If you’re young and healthy, and you drink alcohol responsibly (or not at all), you deserve a break when it comes to the premiums on your individual health insurance plan. Take a look at the revolutionary comprehensive individual health insurance solutions created by Precedent specifically for young, healthy individuals like you. For more information, visit us at our website, [http://www.precedent.com]. We offer a unique and innovative suite of individual health insurance solutions, including highly competitive HSA-qualified plans, and an unparalleled "real time" application and acceptance experience.
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Companies have been innovating and manufacturing smoking cessation products for many years now. From nicotine patches to gum, nicotine addicts have been using them to quit their habit. Electronic cigarettes (also known as e-cigarettes and electric cigarettes)are the newest product on the market. They are designed to look and feel like real cigarettes, even down to emitting artificial smoke however they do not actually contain any tobacco. Users inhale nicotine vapor which looks like smoke without any of the carcinogens found in tobacco smoke which are harmful to the smoker and others around him.The Electronic cigarette consists of a nicotine cartridge containing liquid nicotine.
It is said that cigarettes help to reduce stress and help people relax, a fact smokers regularly produce when asked why they can't quit smoking. "I can't quit I'm too stressed out." Is a common sentence uttered by many a smoker every day. And when in a tough, problematic, critical and anxious situation a smoker will more than likely 'need' a cigarette to calm his nerves.And smokers also get several other benefits from smoking including increased concentration, an added energy 'boost' mental 'strength' to deal with tough situations, curing boredom and relaxation.These aspects can be condensed into two main beneficial areas of smoking. Firstly that, smoking is calming and relaxing, and secondly, it helps smokers concentrate and think clearly.So on the Calming and Relaxing side - cigarettes take the stress out of life (relaxation) and help relive tension and stress. The benefits of smoking are to help smokers calm down and reduce anxiety and stress. When you visualise or think of relaxing what comes to your mind? It's usually a slumping of the shoulders effect, that aaaaaahhhhhhhhh... slip into your arm chair and letting go feeling - you are relaxing.On the Strength and Boost side - smoking is uplifting, helps with concentration, keeps smokers on their toes and gives them mental strength. The other benefit of smoking is that it lifts smokers up a level - their senses are awakened. When you visualise or think of yourself concentrating and being uplifted what comes to mind? Generally it's a head up, on our feet, eyes open, chest out, shoulders back and an alert state of mind and effect - it gives you that I'm ready, let's do it and let's go feeling.So cigarettes can have two effects - at times cigarettes can make you feel more relaxed and calmer - a general feeling of tranquillity or peacefulness. AND cigarettes can make you feel more confident, more capable, better equipped to deal with tough situations and they can give you increased concentration - a general energetic and empowered feeling.But how is it that this same product or substance can do both of these things? Two different things that are complete opposites?Smokers have been told, and believe that cigarettes not only help to lower stress levels but they also help to keep you on your toes - two completely different effects. Relaxation is a suppressing feeling while concentration is an uplifting feeling.How can the same substance or product make the body feel up and raring to go and also make it relaxed and increase inner tranquillity?The truth is that cigarettes can't make or help smokers do both, or either - it's impossible. You've also been told that cigarettes can cure boredom, help you enjoy your coffee and tea and meals and also sex more.But again, how can cigarettes do all of these things? Yes nicotine does have a stimulating effect, (as it releases dopamine, the body's natural pleasure drug, into the brain) but how the hell does it make you feel up, down and everything in between?Basically we have been told that cigarettes can pretty much do whatever you want them to, depending on the circumstances surrounding you while you smoke. So if you need some mental energy or strength - have a cigarette and if you want to relax and forget about your problems then you should have a cigarette too! How can the same cigarette make you feel how you want to feel, depending on your choosing?The truth is that despite nicotine releasing dopamine into the brain, all the other substances in a cigarette actually put a huge strain on your brain and body - they make you feel more tense, more anxious, more stressed and more on edge. No matter how much you argue against this it's the cold hard truth!Look at the undeniable stressful effects of smoking on you and your body below.1. When carbon monoxide and nicotine enter your body they reduce the amount and supply of oxygen to your brain. Without this oxygen (the fuel of the brain), your brain struggles to function properly, think clearly and concentrate.It is a fact that nicotine and carbon monoxide reduce oxygen levels in a smoker's body and it is also a fact that the body needs oxygen to concentrate, not even the doctors and scientists can deny that!Essentially oxygen is the basis of all activity in the body - any effort the body makes (from thinking to running), is harder with less oxygen. The carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarettes prevent oxygen from reaching the brain and the other organs in the body - this simply cannot help you relax or concentrate. It's impossible!The nicotine may give you a little pick me up, but it and cigarettes simply cannot do all of the things that millions of smokers, just like you have been led to believe and continue telling yourself.2. Nicotine is a vaso-constrictor - it shrinks your veins and arteries in size, meaning that your heart is forced to work harder to pump the same amount of blood around your body, but through a smaller space. Add to that, the fact that tar and the other chemicals in cigarettes are being deposited in your veins reducing blood flow even more.The result is that your beats 35,000 times more per day than a non-smoker and your blood pressure is also ten to twenty points higher than it should be, under this added workload.3. The effect that nicotine has on the insulin in your blood puts your body under constant stress. Every forty five minutes or so, when you smoke, the nicotine in your body blocks the release of insulin (this is the appetite suppressant effect).Once this nicotine has worn off your insulin is re-released, and forty five minutes to an hour or two later you have another cigarette.This stop start process puts a huge strain on your body - a non-smoker's body will only reduce the flow of insulin when he really needs it - when he hasn't eaten in a while. But smokers make their body's stop-start this process twenty times more, or more a day than a non-smoker. This is an added stressful workload on your body.4. The several thousand chemicals, poisons, toxins and carcinogens in a cigarette force the body into a state of shock.When you inhale the smoke from a cigarette your body has to adapt to the presence of harmful chemicals. Each of which are deposited in your veins, lungs, heart, arteries and other organs in your body, then when you stop smoking for a few hours (e.g. at night) your body does it's best to clear out the foreign substances.You will also experience this process through a 'smoker's cough' in the day and also in the morning, when yours body has had eight hours or so to start the cleansing process, and you cough up a lot of mucus.Both of these attempts at cleaning out the toxins puts your body through a strenuous cleansing regimeprocess every time you stop smoking, every day of your smoking life. A non-smoker will only experience this cleansing process, as extensively as a smoker when he has a virus or infection or if they smoke a cigarette.The truth is that smoking is only an 'effective' stress relief tool because you believe cigarettes and nicotine can help you. And that is the key - you believe.It all comes back to what you think. Because you tell yourself that cigarettes calm you, you think they do. Because you tell yourself that they help you concentrate, you think they do (despite the fact that you are putting a huge strain on your system - your heart beats an extra 35,000 times per day due to the reduction in vein size making your blood pressure higher).So even though cigarettes and nicotine are having a harmful and weakening effect on your body, which you have always known, you believe that they make you stronger and more capable of dealing with life. It is a clever trick that the tobacco companies have played on you!They have shown you on films, on TV and in commercials that cigarettes help you concentrate, relive stress, beat problems, enjoy sex more and that they make men more manly and women more sexy.You have to give them credit because it has worked and it is still working! But once you take a step back and look at the overall picture, you can see that advertising and your beliefs have led you to believe that you need cigarettes and nicotine, and that they bring you many benefits. When in fact that is all in your head!But it can't just be the placebo effect (believing that something will happen, makes it happen) that makes you concentrate and relax can it? The truth is no, but only to an extent.So yes when you smoke you may feel slightly relaxed - this is down to the way you breathe when you smoke. Have you noticed any difference in the way you breathe when you smoke? Take a minute and put your fingers to your lips and pretend you are smoking, or better yet - light up a cigarette!Have you noticed anything different in comparison to your normal breathing patterns? You should have noticed the two following patterns.Firstly, your in-breath was much stronger when smoking. Try it again, inhale as if you were smoking a cigarette. This deeper in-breath sucks in a lot more air than normal breathing because you are sucking air in from the bottom of your stomach (your diaphragm). With this extra air also comes more oxygen - your brain and body's fuel, up to 20% more oxygen in fact than when you breathe normally.The second thing you should have noticed is the way you exhale. Your out-breath was also much stronger and deeper, when smoking. Try it again, breathe out deeply without cigarette smoke, do it several times.How do you feel? You feel relaxed and calm don't you! Exhaling feels good, especially when it is done strongly. Have you noticed that when you laugh and when you sigh you exhale and breathe out strongly? Breathing out has a calming and positive effect on the body. So even though the smoke puts a strain on your system, when you breathe out strongly you feel good.So basically when you smoke you are just practicing deep breathing exercises. The deep breaths provide your body and organs with more oxygen, which helps you to relax and release stress to a degree. I say to a degree because that extra oxygen is not enough to compensate for the strain that the chemicals in a cigarette put on your body.So smoking itself doesn't actually reduce stress, or help you concentrate in any way - it's the way you breathe that does that for you. Have you ever wondered why people tell you to take deep breaths when you feel a craving or withdrawal symptoms? It's because the deep breathing mimics the way you breathe when you smoke.Every time you have a cigarette you put your body under stress. Then your body tries to clean out the chemicals, which again makes you feel uncomfortable, and puts you under stress. And you do this every day going round and round in circles, no wonder you a re so stressed!Then when your body realises it has extremely low blood sugar (no nicotine to block insulin which releases your sugar stores) you get pangs and cravings because your body needs sugar - it becomes stressed. You then have a cigarette to relieve that stress. Then after forty five minutes or so the process starts all over again! You are just going around in one huge destructive and pointless circle.People say smoking reduces stress, when in fact - the stress is caused by the last cigarette - when nicotine and the chemicals enter your body you put it under a huge strain. Then when the nicotine leaves your body it becomes stressed - because there is no nicotine to release sugar into the blood.Tobacco increases stress and then relieves it (artificially by playing with your blood sugar levels) when you smoke. So smoking is basically like hitting yourself over the head with a hammer because it feels really good when you stop!A major reason why people say they can't or won't stop smoking is - they feel they would be giving up a very effective stress management technique. But once you stop smoking for a short period of time, you will become calmer, even under stress, than when you were a smoker.Another smoking myths is that it 'cures boredom.' This argument is so pointless that it hardly merits much attention. Yes some people believe that it cures boredom, but so does banging your head against a wall and stabbing yourself with a fork. That doesn't mean it's either good for you, effective, productive or an adequate way to deal with the situation.Again if you rely on cigarettes to cure boredom, all you are doing is telling yourself - 'I am not good enough to deal with this situation on my own. My cigarettes will take care of it.'If you smoke due to boredom, you need to pay particular attention to changing your habits so that you have adequate new methods to keep yourself entertained.Smoking as a stress relief mechanism is just and excuse. Many smokers know this but continue to lie to themselves because it prevents them from admitting that they cannot stop smoking.Finding new ways to deal with stress is essential if you are going to make your stop smoking attempt a success.My Complete Step By Step Guide To Quitting Smoking explains how to beat the stresses of everyday life when you quit smoking and it shows you how to break any and all your associations to smoking, so you can become completely smoke free in 3-4 weeks.
As they get used to using the electronic cigarette in vape shop locator, they can gradually reduce the strength they use until they quit. The main advantages electronic cigarettes have over nicotine patches or gum is firstly, users have the nicotine hit much quicker and secondly, because a big reason why smokers fail to quit suing patches and gum is because they still miss the act of inhaling smoke from a cylindrical object. The electronic cigarette emulates that even down to the smoke.
Some attorneys think differently about the new E-Cigarette smoking ban for more information contact your attorney.
The fact that smoking is deadly is no secret. It has become such widespread knowledge that it is now a platitude repeated over and over again in schools, at the doctor's office, and even on TV. Yet as self-evident as the dangers of smoking are, cigarettes are still as easy to get as a bottle of water. So the nagging question remains: why don't government simply ban recreational tobacco use? It seems like a simple question, but the answer is conversely complex. Let's take a look at some of the reasons governments turn a blind eye to the possibility of banning cigarettes in order to better understand the polemics surrounding the tobacco debate.Free will. This is a concept that is a major driving force behind the tobacco debate and it shows up on both sides of the aisle. Those of us who know that smoking is a habit believe in free will; we believe that smoking is a choice and that each person has the power to make the healthier choice: to quit smoking. On the other hand, those of us who promote tobacco believe that each person has the free choice to do whatever he or she wants with his or her body. However, the problem with the pro-tobacco use of free will is that it has no limits-at what point do you say that an individual does not have the right to do whatever he or she wants with his or her body (or to the bodies of others). It is faulty reasoning that leads down the dangerous path of justifying poor and unhealthy choices. Conversely, the conception of free will held by anti-smoking advocates is not about allowing everything, but about exercising good judgment: anti-smoking free will is about enabling and empowering people to make healthy choices and helping them feel responsible enough to do so. You may be wondering what all of this has to do with governments completely banning tobacco, but it read on and you will see that misusing the concept of free will has everything to do with the continued presence of cigarettes on the market.One reason that tobacco has survived on the market as long as it has is because government officials fear that impinging on people's free will by banning cigarettes will do nothing but lead to black markets and backlashes like those that often accompany controlled substance prohibitions. Government officials often claim that they can at least keep smokers safer by regulating the industry and circumventing the crime and violence associated with black market activities. They claim they don't want to control people too much-they want them to be allowed to exercise their free will. If this was really governments' motive behind keeping tobacco legal, then it would be a good argument worth pondering. Unfortunately, governments use the "we-don't-want-to-impinge-upon-free-will-because-of-black-markets" argument as a smoke screen to blind the public the real reason why cigarettes haven't been outlawed: money.The United States' Office on Smoking and Health, a branch of the Center for Disease Control, reports that the American government makes rakes in almost 6 billion dollars a year in tax revenue from cigarettes. According to Tobacco in Australia, revenue generated from taxing tobacco exceeds 6 billion AUD a year. So let's be blunt: tobacco is a cash cow for governments. They may appeal to some kind of morality about free will and fear of black markets when they publicly discuss why they don't outright outlaw tobacco, but the truth is that they need the money they get from taxing Big Tobacco. Plain and simple.Now, don't read any of this the wrong way. If tobacco was outlawed tomorrow, then you bet your bottom dollar there would be a black market for it just as there is for all illegal substances. And the fact that people can make choices and control their own lives is vital to the health of humans and the democratic system. However, with respect to the tobacco debate, it is time to start seeing clearly the fact that governments and Big Tobacco are Big Allies. Governments should exist to serve and protect their citizens, watching out for their best interests and keeping them safe from harm. As overly idealistic as it sounds, that is there job and with respect to smoking it seems that they are prioritizing money over lives, a situation that time and time again proves fatal not only to individuals, but also to societies. It is time for governments to take a stronger stand against Big Tobacco and start prioritizing health over profit. Whether or not that will ever happen, however, is another story for another day.
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