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Companies have been innovating and manufacturing smoking cessation products for many years now. From nicotine patches to gum, nicotine addicts have been using them to quit their habit. Electronic cigarettes (also known as e-cigarettes and electric cigarettes)are the newest product on the market. They are designed to look and feel like real cigarettes, even down to emitting artificial smoke however they do not actually contain any tobacco. Users inhale nicotine vapor which looks like smoke without any of the carcinogens found in tobacco smoke which are harmful to the smoker and others around him.The Electronic cigarette consists of a nicotine cartridge containing liquid nicotine.
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People who continue to smoke unaware of the detrimental effects that the habit can cause should really stop and take a reality check. Being addicted to smoking is an almost certain way to meet your maker a little sooner, and there have been sufficient scientific studies to endorse this claim. Besides, this is one drug that is administered with meticulous regularity, and the amount of smoke that average smokers inhales in a lifetime would have them subjecting their internal organs to a lot of substances that can play havoc.While the dangers of smoking are being made public with regularity, a large number of people still remain unaware of what goes inside each cigarette that they smoke. Each cigarette contains chemicals that can kill if consumed in large quantities, and this should ideally make even the most casual of smokers a little wary. If you've ever wondered what goes into the smoke that you inhale, do go through write-up till the very end.The Tobacco:Mainstream cigarette tobacco is derived from two main types of leaves. 'Burley' tobacco comes with 3.5 to 4 percent nicotine content and 'Virginia' tobacco has about 2.5 to 3 percent. Some cigarettes also come with blended tobacco and these could have as much as 10 percent of 'Oriental' tobacco which has less than 2 percent nicotine content. Additionally, cigarettes have fillers that are made using the by-products which result from the whole process of manufacturing cigarettes. The fillers comprise of by-products derived during the processing stage, various additives and flavourings, water, etc. The by-products comprise of:1. Blended leaf sheets, which are made from dry tobacco dust paste, pectin, and stems of burley leaves that have been milled finely.2. Improved or expanded stems, which are shredded stems that have first been rolled and flattened. Improved stems are steamed as opposed to being rapidly heated after being soaked as is the case with the expanded stems variant. Both these products differ in taste although they do look alike.3. Reconstituted leaf sheets, which are made using recycled fine tobacco particles, stems, as well as other tobacco particulate that is collected during the processing stage. These sheets are made by first extracting chemicals from the by-products, then making sheets from the leftover fibre, then reapplying the extracted chemicals onto these sheets, and finally breaking it up into usable tobacco.4. Expanded tobacco refers to whole tobacco which has been treated using supercritical CO2, which makes the tobacco puff up, and this is the kind of tobacco one can expect to find in 'light' cigarettes.Do bear in mind that the usage of these by-products does vary from brand to brand.Nicotine:This is the primary constituent that makes cigarette smoking enjoyable and addictive. In a small dose, nicotine can act as a brain simulant, but when the intake increases, it can work as a depressant, thereby inhibiting the signal flow in between nerve cells. When used continually, and in large quantities, nicotine can also affect blood vessels, the heart, lungs, etc.Tar:Tar is a made up of a combination of substances and appears as a sticky substance within the smoker's lungs. Each cigarette smoked constitutes for some of the tar being deposited in the lungs, and the tar content being inhaled does increase considerably towards the end of a cigarette.Other Constituents:Cigarettes hold over four thousand different ingredients. Amongst the most commonplace ingredients used are caffeine, yeast, beeswax, chocolate, wine, etc. Cigarettes contain various carcinogenic substances and these include benzene (associated with blood cancer), cadmium (linked with prostate and lung cancer), polonium (a known carcinogenic radioactive element), formaldehyde (linked with lung cancer), and extract of the Angelica root (known for causing in animals). Other constituents include:· Ammonia - Otherwise used as a common household cleaner· Arsenic - Used as rat poison· Butane - Used as gas in lighters· CO (Carbon Monoxide) - Poisonous gas which is also produced when a cigarette is smoked· Cyanide - A poison well known for its 'quick' action· Ethyl Furoate - Known for causing liver damage in animals· Lead - Known to be poisonous if consumed in large quantities· Maltitol - A sweetener commonly used by diabetics· Methyl Isocyanate - Poisonous gas· Nickel - Known to increase vulnerability against lung infections.· Insecticides such as DDT, Methoprene, and Napthalene.The Cigarette Paper:Changes in technology when it comes to cigarette paper can now modify the amount of nicotine and other constituents like tar that is inhaled into the system. For instance, using porous paper ensures that a smoker receives a steady amount of regular air through each drag, thereby reducing the concentration of the toxic substances. Small laser drilled holes work in moderating the amount of smoke that is inhaled through each drag.The Filter:Having being introduced in the 1950s, while the filter does work in stopping a fair amount of toxicity from entering a smoker's system, it surely does not do enough. For example, the amount of tar that enters your system even through the best cigarette filters would still be unhealthy. So while these cellulose acetate filters do trap some smoke related particles and tar while making the smoke easier to inhale, they do not block all the constituents that can cause damage.The Variations:The amount of nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide found in different cigarettes can vary greatly. For example, the volume of carbon monoxide in cigarettes can be in between 0.05 mg and 3.0 mg per smoke. The damage that these constituents cause can be hard to quantify because of various factors. For instance, the way some people smoke a cigarette could be different from others who smoke exactly the same brand, wherein while some take longer and deeper puffs, others might casually draw on the cigarette. Besides, a smoker can increase the tar and nicotine intake by simply blocking the holes that are designed to allow the inflow of air.It is also important for smokers to know that each cigarette contains all the aforementioned mentioned constituents, even if they are marketed as 'light' cigarettes. Remember, if the cigarette has tobacco, then it also comes with all the associated perils.
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As they get used to using the electronic cigarette in Hawaii, they can gradually reduce the strength they use until they quit. The main advantages electronic cigarettes have over nicotine patches or gum is firstly, users have the nicotine hit much quicker and secondly, because a big reason why smokers fail to quit suing patches and gum is because they still miss the act of inhaling smoke from a cylindrical object. The electronic cigarette emulates that even down to the smoke.
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Even though alcohol consumption is legal for individuals in Dallas, Houston or anywhere in Texas who are 21 or over, it should be remembered that alcohol is still a harmful, dangerous drug. Sure, it seems like “everyone" drinks, and sometimes it even seems like everyone drinks a lot. But that’s not really the truth. There are a lot of people who don’t drink at all, and the vast majority of adults don’t drink at all heavily.What Defines Binge Drinking?When it comes to heavy drinking, the phrase “binge drinking” comes to mind. It used to mean heavy drinking that lasted for days. Now, the meaning has changed to irresponsible, heavy drinking that often comes under the disguise of fun and games. Binge drinking is not only dangerous to the drinker, but to the people around him or her.Binge drinkers, by definition:* Drink "to get drunk." The goal is to lose control.* They drink large quantities, five or more drinks at a time.* They drink quickly.* They do foolish, potentially deadly things like drive drunk, start fights, and take unnecessary risks.New Study on an Old Problem.According to a recent study issued by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University in New York, about half of U.S. college students binge drink or abuse drugs, and the number who abuse prescription medication such as painkillers is up sharply.The report found that 49 percent of full-time college students ages 18 to 22 binge drink (consuming five or more drinks at a time), or abuse prescription drugs such as painkillers or illegal drugs like cocaine and marijuana. That translates to 3.8 million students.In 2005, 23 percent of these students met the medical criteria for substance abuse or dependence, the report said. That's about triple the proportion in the general population.The percentage of students who drink remained about even with a similar 1993 report — 70 percent then and 68 percent in 2005. Binge drinking stayed at 40 percent of students.But the proportion of students who binge drink frequently, defined as three or more times over two weeks, rose by 16 percent from 1993 to 2005. Drinking 10 or more times per month rose 25 percent, and drinking three or more times per month rose 26 percent.Substance abuse has contributed to alcohol-related deaths and injuries, and sexual assaults against female students, the report said. "College presidents, deans and trustees have facilitated a college culture of alcohol and drug abuse that is linked to poor student academic performance, depression, anxiety, suicide, property damage, vandalism, fights and a host of medical problems," the report said.The report was based on results of a nationally representative telephone survey of 2,000 students, surveys of approximately 400 college and university administrators, interviews with researchers in the field and other data.Binge Drinkers can be Troublemakers.Researchers at Kansas State University have also found that college students who drink alcohol may get themselves into trouble not necessarily because of how much they drink, but because of their risk-taking attitudes while they are drinking, which can be modified to reduce harmful consequences. Males tend to be greater risk takers when it comes to alcohol, while women tend to use more protective strategies. They recommend the following steps to all college students who drink as a way to avoid dangerous drinking episodes:* Limit the number of drinks consumed* Use self-protective strategies* Limit money spent on alcohol* Drink with friends* Pour your own drinks* Develop low-risk attitudesWhile the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University report has shown that substance abuse on college campuses is nothing new, it is taking a more extreme and dangerous form, with higher rates of frequent binge drinking and prescription drug abuse, which equates to more negative consequences for students such as arrests and risky sexual behavior.The Risks of Binge Drinking.Many people don't think about the negative side of drinking. Although they think about the possibility of getting drunk, they may not give much consideration to being hung-over or throwing up.You may know from experience that excessive drinking can lead to difficulty concentrating, memory lapses, mood changes, and other problems that affect your day-to-day life. But binge drinking carries more serious and longer-lasting risks as well.Alcohol Poisoning.Alcohol poisoning is the most life-threatening consequence of binge drinking. When someone drinks too much and gets alcohol poisoning, it affects the body's involuntary reflexes — including breathing and the gag reflex. If the gag reflex isn't working properly, a person can choke to death on his or her vomit.Other signs someone may have alcohol poisoning include:* Extreme confusion* Inability to be awakened* Vomiting* Seizures* Slow or irregular breathing* Low body temperature* Bluish or pale skinIf you think someone has alcohol poisoning, call 911 immediately.Other Health Issues.Studies show that people who binge-drink throughout high school are more likely to be overweight and have high blood pressure by the time they are 24. Just one regular beer contains about 150 calories, which adds up to a lot of calories if someone drinks four or five beers a night.Binge drinkers have a harder time in school and they're more likely to drop out. Drinking disrupts sleep patterns, which can make it harder to stay awake and concentrate during the day. This can lead to struggles with studying and poor academic performance.Drinking Responsibly.It’s possible to be a responsible drinker, but it means paying close attention to your drinking behavior. Adults who do drink responsibly have a few key things in common:* They don’t drive after drinking.* They don’t drink "to get drunk." They may like the taste of the drink, or may be seeking a mild relaxing effect. They stop drinking before they feel "drunk."* They drink less – usually far less – than four drinks on any one occasion.* They drink slowly, often with food, and have non-alcoholic drinks in between alcoholic drinks.Believe it or not, your drinking habits can influence your individual health insurance rates, now and into the future. So it’s wise to keep your alcohol intake in check when you’re young before it takes its toll in later years. If you’re young and healthy, and you drink alcohol responsibly (or not at all), you deserve a break when it comes to the premiums on your individual health insurance plan. Take a look at the revolutionary comprehensive individual health insurance solutions created by Precedent specifically for young, healthy individuals like you. For more information, visit us at our website, [http://www.precedent.com]. We offer a unique and innovative suite of individual health insurance solutions, including highly competitive HSA-qualified plans, and an unparalleled "real time" application and acceptance experience.
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